IAS PRELIMS CHALLENGE SERIES – 22 JUNE 2021

Recently, National Policy for Rare Diseases 2021 has been announced. Which of the statement(s) about the policy and rare diseases is/are Correct?

1) The World Health Organisation (WHO) defines rare disease as often debilitating lifelong disease or disorder with a prevalence of 1 or less, per 1000 population.
2) The policy emphasizes early screening and prevention of rare diseases.
3) The policy aims to lower the high cost of treatment for rare diseases.

Choose the correct option:

A) 1 only
B) 2 and 3 only
C) 1 and 3 only
D) All the statements are correct

Ans. (D)

Explanation:
Statement-1: In a broad context, a ‘rare disease’ is defined as a health condition of low prevalence disease that affects a small number of people when compared with other prevalent diseases in the general population. As there is no universally accepted definition of rare diseases, countries have their own descriptions about rare diseases. However, WHO has defined rare disease as often debilitating lifelong disease or disorder with a prevalence of 1 or less, per 1000 population. Hence the Statement-1 is Correct

Statement-2: The policy emphasizes early screening and prevention through Health and Wellness Centres and District Early Intervention Centres (DEICs) along with arrangement of counseling for the high-risk parents. Thus, Statement-2 is Correct

Statement-3: For lowering down the high cost of treatment for rare diseases, the policy focuses on indigenous research with the help of a National Consortium to be set up with Department of Health Research which is to act as convenor. Thus, Statement 3 is Correct.

Since All statements the statements are correct thus, correct answer choice is (D)